This conference is a follow-up to a symposium entitled “Politics of the Western: a revisionist genre” organized by Hervé Mayer (EMMA EA741) at université Paul Valéry Montpellier 3 on December 8, 2017. The aim of this conference is to question the film genre of the Western as being essentially American by focusing on the transnational dimension of Western narratives and images, as well as the circulation, reception, and production of Westerns outside the United States.